Applications

Increased reach and dispersion

The unique advantages of increased reach and dispersion tolerance of Bifrost’s Quasi-Coherent receiver technology allows for new opportunities for network operators while maintaining a form factor that can be easily integrated in standard pluggable transceiver packages such as SFP-28.

Applications include:

  • 5G Fronthaul DWDM links operating at 25 Gbps with up to 30 km reach
  • DWDM ring networks with 25 Gbps pr channel data rate and up to 60 km reach
  • Ultra-high sensitivity burst-mode OLT receivers for TWDM-PON links such as NG-PON2. In fact, Bifrosthas the only receiver technology that allows for even the most demanding classes in the NG-PON2 standard

25 Gbps DWDM Ring Networks

with Extended Reach to 60 km

Improved Dispersion Tolerance

Enables 25 Gbps DWDM Rings

Today, numerous DWDM Metro-networks are arranged in rings, such as the one illustrated in the figure, to provide a backup route in case a fiber breaks. Very often, these links have fixed dispersion compensation in the network nodes.

This dispersion usually corresponds to roughly half the longest distance in the network. In the example from the figure, this results on a “dispersion mapping” from -30 km to +30 km.

This works fine for networks operating at 10 Gbps per channel, but at 25 Gbps, the longest distance would have to be reduced to approximately 20 km with 10 km fixed dispersion compensation in the nodes.

In order to cover the same geographic area with conventional direct-detection technology, operators would need 4-8 times more nodes than they use today.

With Bifrost’s Quasi-Coherent receiver technology, the existing DWDM ring network infrastructure can be maintained even at 25 Gbps per channel.

As the graph on the left shows, the received bit-error-ratio (BER) is well below the required 5e-5 according to the 25 Gbps Ethernet standards for all transmission distances ranging from 5 km to 60 km.

These results are achieved in a system experiment using equivalent to 30 km fixed dispersion compensation in the fiber link for all distances. The results are achieved using off-the-shelf 25 Gbps DWDM SFP transmitters.

TWDM PON OLT e.g. NG-PON2

TDM-PON Upstream receivers

Spearheaded by a group of Network Operators wishing to unite business, residential and mobile networks into a single, software defined passive optival network (PON), next generation (NG) PON version 2 – in short NG-PON2 was developed and described in ITU standard 989.2.

For the first time ever, wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) is used in a PON network in combination with conventional time division multiplexing (TDM).

The result is a network with up to 8 channels operating at 10 Gbps pr. Channel with full support for 5G and with the ability to provide dedicated wavelength channels to e.g. business and enterprise users.

Unfortunately, due to the challenges imposed on the upstream transmitters, only the lowest class N1 of the four classes defined in the standard are being used today.

By employing Bifrost’s Quasi-Coherent receiver technology fir the upstream reception in the central, for the first time all four classes can be met without imposing too high demands on the upstream transmitters.

In fact, we can meet the requirements of even the highest E2 class using only class N1 upstream transmitters in the highly cost-sensitive optical network units (ONUs). It is thus finally possible to realize the full potential of the NG-PON2 standard.

It will even be possible to upgrade to 25 Gbps pr. Channel – In fact, work has already begun within the ITU to define a standard built around this prospect.